Reference Materials

Annotated Bibliography of Psychology and Racism

Compiled by the American Psychological Association, this annotated bibliography lists articles that will be of interest to those who want to explore the interpersonal and psychological dimensions of racism.

Becoming Trustworthy White Allies

Written by Melanie S. Morrison – 2013
This article offers reflections from a long-time anti-racism activitist on how white people can be effective allies in the struggle against racial discrimination. A thoughtful overview.

Beyond Celebrating Diversity: Twenty Things I Can Do To Be A Better Multicultural Educator

Paul Gorski
Written by Paul Gorski for, this inspiring document offers twenty concrete suggestions for how educators can create inclusive classrooms for students of all backgrounds.

Challenging Shadism

This article reports on a group of Oshawa high school students who are challenging the issue of shadism – prejudice based on light or dark skin tone – in their community. Useful article on an often hidden topic.

Colorlines News Magazine is a daily news site where race matters. The site believes that instead of being defined and divided by racism, we can become uplifted and united by racial justice. To do so, we have to confront explicitly the racism that is so often at the core of our society's challenges. This is the perspective that informs's award-winning investigative reporting and news analysis.

Colour of Poverty Fact Sheets

The Colour of Poverty is a coalition of community groups and researchers who are concerned about the increasing links between poverty and racialization in Ontario. They have produced an excellent set of Fact Sheets on this topic, which cover racism in such areas as education, health and housing. Scroll to the bottom of the page site to access the downloadable Fact Sheets.

Communicating Across the Tracks: Challenges for Anti-Racist Educators in Ontario Today

Scholar George J. Sefa Dei discusses anti-racism practices and inclusive education in Ontario in this short essay. He provides general guidelines for addressing racism in schools, as well as basic tenets of anti-racism practices for teachers.

First Nations: The Long Shadow of Assimilation

Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives
This online post by researcher Trish Hennessy presents a number of statistics, which highlight the discrimination First Nations people face in Canada.

Internalized Racism: A Definition

Donna Bivens
This brochure presents a systemic and structural definition of internalized racism and explores the impact of racism on people of color.

Our Words, Our Ways: Teaching First Nations, Métis and Inuit Learners

Alberta Government's Ministry of Education.
This resource provides information about Aboriginal cultures and perspectives, and sample strategies for meeting the needs and recognizing the gifts of Aboriginal students.

Pushed to the Edge of Extinction: Racism Against Indigenous Peoples in Canada

Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee)
This powerful document reviews both the historical and ongoing racism faced by Indigenous peoples in Canada. Includes statistical overviews.

Race – The Power of an Illusion: Ten Things Everyone Should Know About Race

California Newsreel, Film and Video for Social Change – 2005
This article presents 10 essential facts and misconceptions about race and encourages the reader to question the foundation of race.

Racial Equity Tools: Essential Concepts and Issues

Provides background information about important concepts and includes research and descriptions of strategies in relevant areas.

Racism in Our Schools: What to Know About It; How to Fight It

This comprehensive guide by the Canadian Race Relations Foundation provides information to parents, school administrators, teachers and educators about racism. It stresses the importance of anti-racism education and offers suggestions for implementing an inclusive, safe, and caring school environment.

Supporting Aboriginal Student Success: Self-Esteem and Identity, A Living Techniques Approach

Pamela Rose – Toulouse of Laurentian University
This paper explores the connection between Aboriginal student success and self-esteem (identity), and follows the seven good life teachings of the Ojibwe people.
(Aboriginal Students PDF)

White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack

Peggy McIntosh
This seminal essay discusses the systemic nature of racism and raises awareness on the issue of white privilege and the various forms of oppression.

Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria? And Other Conversations About Race

Beverly Tatum
In this book, Beverly Daniel Tatum, a renowned authority on the psychology of racism, asserts that we do not know how to talk about our racial differences: Whites are afraid of using the wrong words and being perceived as "racist" while parents of color are afraid of exposing their children to painful racial realities too soon. We have waited far too long to begin our conversations about race. This remarkable book, infused with great wisdom and humanity, has already helped hundreds of thousands of readers figure out where to start.